|Mission San Antonio and Santa Lucia Mountains|
Mission San Antonio de Padua (Mission San Antonio) (3rd Mission – 1771) is on the grounds of Fort Hunter Liggett (FHL) (see our descriptions of FHL here and here). The mission is about 6 miles from the fort's main gate down Mission Road. The only earlier missions of the Alta California Spanish Mission system are: Mission San Diego de Alcala (Mission San Diego) (1st Mission - 1769) and Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo (Mission Carmel) (2nd mission - 1770). There are 21 missions in California. During World War II, there was a class of fleet oiler ships with each ship named after one of the California Missions. Key facts about Mission San Antonio can be found here.
By 1774, there were 178 Salinan Indians living on the mission grounds and two years later, in 1776, that number increased to 500. By 1805, there were 1300, though after secularaziation in 1834, the number fell to 150.
What was secularization?
After Mexico won its independence from Spain, it found that it could no longer afford to keep the missions running as Spain had done. In 1834, Mexico decided to end the mission system and sell all of the lands. They offered the lands to the Indians who did not want the lands or could not come up with the purchase price. The lands were divided into smaller Ranchos and sold to Mexican citizens who were helpful during the war for independence. In 1845, Governor Pio Pico declared Mission buildings for sale and no one even bid for San Antonio. After nearly 30 years, the missions were returned to the Catholic Church. Although some of the missions had already been returned to the church, in 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed an Act declaring that all of the 21 missions in the California mission chain would become the property of the Catholic Church and have remained so since that time.
The first Catholic wedding to take place in California occurred at Mission San Antonio in 1773 between a Salinan Indian woman named Margaretta de Cortona and Spanish solider Juan Maria Ruiz.
By 1827, the mission had 7,362 cattle, 11,000 sheep, 500 mares and colts and 300 horses.
"...a thing to see up the road at Mission San Antonio was the herds of golden horses, descended from the mare of Anza's soldier Juan Palomino." From Riesenberg, The Golden Road: The Story of California's Mission Trail (1962).
Despite its substantial distance and remoteness from Watsonville, where we were living at the time, we visited this mission quite soon after our move to California. Exciting was to see this warning:
But still no sightings
Also, while using the bathroom, you could hear, but not see, critters playing in the ceiling beams. Animal burrow holes are all over the grounds.
The mission, reconstructed from 1928-1978, includes the main sanctuary, the Padre's Garden, a couple of out buildings and the parish priest's home (modern). At the time we visited, the priest has some very barky dogs kept behind a wooden privacy fence. A large desert tortoise named Timone was free to roam the grounds. Timone was the first desert tortoise we ever saw and I snapped tons of pictures of the critter and use them as stock photos whenever the need for a desert tortoise photo arises. I recently heard from the mission administrator (November, 2012) that the tortoise has been gone for around six years.
|Timone - Parish Desert Tortoise|
|Campanario (bell tower/wall) With Arched Entrance to Main Church|
|Close-up of bell and bell-hole in campanario|
|Wide view from plaza of campanario and arched outside corridor|
|Arched outside corridor detail|
|Seasonal Display with view of sanctuary and alter looking down nave|
|Detail of seasonal display|
|Raised Pulpit with entrance from outside sanctuary|
Padre's Garden Views
|Sun-dial showing about noon.|
|Someone needs to clean out the fountain|
|Parish Black Cat|
|Wood Panel painting inspired by California state flag|
|Wide View in Padre's Garden|
|Grist Mill viewed from below|
|Grist Mill close up|
|Description of Mayordomo House Ruins|
|Cobblestone Foundation of Mayordomo House|
|Fired-clay tile stacks|
Mission San Antonio was the first California mission to have a clay-fired roof
|Wood door with Adobe Walls|
|Can't be in California and not have at least one barred window!|